Express Entry FAQ: Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

What is the Comprehensive Ranking System?

The Comprehensive Ranking System, or CRS, is the Government of Canada’s unique points system for ranking Express Entry candidates based on factors including age, education, skilled work experience and proficiency in English or French.

Eligible candidates can submit a profile into the Express Entry pool, where they are ranked based on their CRS scores.

The Government of Canada regularly issues Invitations to Apply (ITAs) for Canadian permanent residence to the highest-ranked candidates through regular draws from the Express Entry pool and aims to process applications within six months.


How are points awarded under the Comprehensive Ranking System?


An Express Entry candidate can obtain up to 1,200 points under the Comprehensive Ranking System, which are distributed across several factors. A candidate’s age, education, language proficiency and work experience — known as core human capital factors — are awarded a score out of 500. Combinations of some of these factors are called Skill Transferability factors and can be worth up to 100 additional points. These 600 points constitute what’s known as a candidate’s core CRS score. Points are also awarded for additional factors, such as a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, prior Canadian study experience, French language ability, and a sibling who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada. While these points are not required in order to enter or to be selected from the Express Entry pool, they can significantly increase a candidate’s CRS score. The most valuable additional factor is a provincial nomination, which results in 600 CRS points. Many provincial nominee program streams are only available to candidates in the Express Entry pool.


 Can I improve my Comprehensive Ranking System score?


The beauty of the Express Entry system for candidates is the fact it’s dynamic. This means a candidate’s score isn’t fixed, but can be improved in many cases if the candidate is willing to put in the effort. Some areas where a candidate may be able to improve their CRS score include:

  • Obtaining the best language scores possible;
  • Documenting their education and work experience correctly; and
  • Taking proactive steps to pursue provincial nominee programs, a Canadian job or new credentials.

Does my age have an impact on my Comprehensive Ranking System score?

Age is one factor that counts for points under the CRS. Age is worth up to 110 points for a single applicant or 100 points for a candidate with a spouse or common-law law partner. Maximum points for age are awarded to candidates up to 35 years till 45 years of age.. Candidates are no longer awarded points after the age of 45, but they may still be eligible to submit an Express Entry profile and could obtain an Invitation to Apply for Canadian permanent residence on the strength of their scores under other factors.


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